subplot {Hmisc} R Documentation

## Embed a new plot within an existing plot

### Description

Subplot will embed a new plot within an existing plot at the coordinates specified (in user units of the existing plot).

### Usage

```subplot(fun, x, y, size=c(1,1), vadj=0.5, hadj=0.5, pars=NULL)
```

### Arguments

 `fun` an expression defining the new plot to be embedded. `x` `x`-coordinate(s) of the new plot (in user coordinates of the existing plot). `y` `y`-coordinate(s) of the new plot, `x` and `y` can be specified in any of the ways understood by `xy.coords`. `size` The size of the embedded plot in inches if `x` and `y` have length 1. `vadj` vertical adjustment of the plot when `y` is a scalar, the default is to center vertically, 0 means place the bottom of the plot at `y`, 1 places the top of the plot at `y`. `hadj` horizontal adjustment of the plot when `x` is a scalar, the default is to center horizontally, 0 means place the left edge of the plot at `x`, and 1 means place the right edge of the plot at `x`. `pars` a list of parameters to be passed to `par` before running `fun`.

### Details

The coordinates `x` and `y` can be scalars or vectors of length 2. If vectors of length 2 then they determine the opposite corners of the rectangle for the embedded plot (and the parameters `size`, `vadj`, and `hadj` are all ignored.

If `x` and `y` are given as scalars then the plot position relative to the point and the size of the plot will be determined by the arguments `size`, `vadj`, and `hadj`. The default is to center a 1 inch by 1 inch plot at `x,y`. Setting `vadj` and `hadj` to `(0,0)` will position the lower left corner of the plot at `(x,y)`.

The rectangle defined by `x`, `y`, `size`, `vadj`, and `hadj` will be used as the plotting area of the new plot. Any tick marks, axis labels, main and sub titles will be outside of this rectangle.

Any graphical parameter settings that you would like to be in place before `fun` is evaluated can be specified in the `pars` argument (warning: specifying layout parameters here (`plt`, `mfrow`, etc.) may cause unexpected results).

After the function completes the graphical parameters will have been reset to what they were before calling the function (so you can continue to augment the original plot).

### Value

An invisible list with the graphical parameters that were in effect when the subplot was created. Passing this list to `par` will enable you to augment the embedded plot.

### Author(s)

Greg Snow greg.snow@ihc.com

`cnvrt.coords`, `par`, `symbols`

### Examples

```# make an original plot
plot( 11:20, sample(51:60) )

subplot( hist(rnorm(100)), 15, 55)
subplot( hist(rt(100,3)), c(12,16), c(57,59), pars=list(lwd=3,ask=FALSE) )

# augment a map
if( require(TeachingDemos) && require(maptools) ){
plot(state.vbm,fg=NULL)
tmp <- get.Pcent(state.vbm)
for( i in 1:50 ){
tmp2 <- as.matrix(USArrests[i,c(1,4)])
tmp3 <- max(USArrests[,c(1,4)])
subplot( barplot(tmp2, ylim=c(0,tmp3),names=c('',''),yaxt='n'),
x=tmp[i,1], y=tmp[i,2], size=c(.1,.1))
}
}

tmp <- rnorm(25)
qqnorm(tmp)
qqline(tmp)
tmp2 <- subplot( hist(tmp,xlab='',ylab='',main=''),
abline(v=0, col='red') # wrong way to add a reference line to histogram

# right way to add a reference line to histogram
par(tmp2)
abline(v=0, col='green')
par(op)

# scatter-plot using images
if(require(rimage)){
data(logo)

x <- runif(10)
y <- runif(10)

plot(x,y,type='n')
for(i in 1:10){
subplot(plot(logo),x[i],y[i],size=c(.3,.3))
}
}
```

[Package Hmisc version 3.0-10 Index]