rapply {zoo}R Documentation

Apply Rolling Functions


A generic function for applying a function to rolling margins of an array.


rapply(data, width, FUN, by = 1, ascending = TRUE, by.column = TRUE,
 na.pad = FALSE, align = c("center", "left", "right"), ...)


data the data to be used (representing a series of observations).
width number of points per group.
FUN the function to be applied. In the case of functions like +, %*%, etc., the function name must be quoted.
by calculate FUN for trailing width points at every by-th time point.
ascending logical. If TRUE then points are passed to FUN in ascending order of time; otherwise, they are passed in descending order.
by.column logical. If TRUE, FUN is applied to each column separately.
na.pad logical. If TRUE then additional elements or rows of NAs are added so that result has same number of elements or rows as data.
align character specifying whether result should be left- or right-aligned or centered (default).
... optional arguments to FUN.


Groups time points in successive sets of width time points and applies FUN to the corresponding values. If FUN is mean, max or median and by.column is TRUE and there are no extra arguments then special purpose code is used to enhance performance. See rollmean, rollmax and rollmedian for more details.

Currently, there are methods for "zoo" and "ts" series.


A object of the same class as data with the results of the rolling function.

See Also



z <- zoo(11:15, as.Date(31:35)) 
rapply(z, 2, mean)

z2 <- zoo(rnorm(6))
rapply(z2, 3, mean, by = 3) # means of nonoverlapping groups of 3
aggregate(z2, c(3,3,3,6,6,6), mean) # same

rapply(z2, 3, mean) # uses rollmean which is optimized for mean
rollmean(z2, 3) # same
rapply(z2, 3, (mean)) # does not use rollmean

[Package zoo version 1.0-5 Index]